High blood pressure and diabetes are the most common causes of kidney failure.

Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys stop working and can no longer do their job.

Your kidneys filter waste and extra fluid out of your blood so they can be removed from your body through urine.

It’s important to see your doctor for evaluation If you think you might have kidney disease, getting an early diagnosis and treatment can help slow the progression to kidney failure.

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Many of the prevention tips are related to managing high blood pressure and diabetes.

Here are tips for preventing kidney failure:

  1. Manage your blood sugar
    Diabetes increases your risk for heart disease and kidney failure. That’s just one reason to manage your blood sugar.
  2. Manage your blood pressure
    High blood pressure can increase your risk for heart disease as well as kidney failure.
  3. Maintain a healthy weight
    Obesity can increase your risk for conditions associated with kidney failure, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
  4. Eat a heart-healthy diet
    A heart-healthy diet — one low in sugar and cholesterol and high in fiber, whole grains, and fruits and vegetables — helps prevent weight gain.
  5. Reduce salt intake
    Eating too much salt is associated with high blood pressure.
  6. Drink enough water
    Dehydration reduces blood flow to your kidneys, which can damage them. Ask your doctor how much water you should drink per day.
  7. Limit alcohol
    Alcohol increases your blood pressure. The extra calories in it can make you gain weight, too.
  8. Don’t smoke
    Smoking reduces blood flow to your kidneys. It damages kidney function in people with or without kidney disease.
  9. Limit over-the-counter pain medication
    In high doses, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, reduce the amount of blood flow to your kidneys, which can harm them.
  10. Reduce stress
    Reducing stress and anxiety can lower your blood pressure, which is good for your kidneys.
  11. Exercise regularly
    Exercise, such as swimming, walking, and running, can help reduce stress, manage diabetes and high blood pressure, and maintain a healthy weight.
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